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The primary task of the NA CWC is to fulfill, on behalf of the Government of India, the obligations under the Chemical Weapons Convention. The NA CWC also acts as the national focal point for effective liaison with the OPCW and other State Parties on matters relating to the CWC.

The major functions of the National Authority are as follows:-

  • Interact with the OPCW and other States Parties for the purpose of  fulfilling the obligations of the Government of India under the Convention;
  • Monitor compliance with the provisions of the Convention;
  • Regulate and monitor the development, production, processing,  consumption, transfer or use of Toxic Chemicals or Precursors as specified in the Convention;
  • Make request to, or to receive request from, a State Party for assistance and protection under Article X, against the use or threat of use of Chemical Weapons;
  • Manage routine inspection or Challenge Inspection or managing investigation,  in case a complaint of use of Chemical Weapons or riot control agents as' a method of warfare is received from the Organisation;
  • Conduct inspections for the purposes of CWC Act 2000.
  • Interact with the Organisation in respect of acceptance of request of India for Challenge Inspection or to counter any frivolous or defamatory request made by any State Party against India to the Organisation;
  • Scrutinise and accept list of Inspectors and to verify the Approved Equipment brought by an Inspection Team on to the Inspection Site;
  •  Provide escort to the Inspection Team and the Observer within the territory of India;
  • Identify and oversee the closure and destruction of Chemical Weapons, Chemical Weapons Production Facilities, Old Chemical Weapons or Abandoned Chemical Weapons;
  • Negotiate Managed Access during the Challenge Inspection;
  • Ensure decontamination of Approved Equipment after completion of an Inspection;