Chapter VI - Offences and Penalties

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39. Whoever-

(a) before the commencement of this Act had been engaged in development, production,  processing,  acquisition,  consumption,  transfer, import, export or use of any Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on  chemicals  to  the  Convention  or  engaged  in  the  production  of  any  Discrete Organic Chemical including Discrete Organic Chemical containing elements of phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine and continues to be, after such commencement, so engaged; or

(b) after the commencement of this Act produces, processes, acquires, consumes,   transfers,   imports,   exports   or   uses   any   Toxic   Chemical   or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to the   Convention   or   produces   any   Discrete   Organic   Chemical   including Discrete  Organic  chemical  containing  elements  of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or fluorine, without complying with the provisions of sub-section (1) or, as the case may be,  sub-section  (2)  of  section  18  shall,  unless  his  name  is  registered  in accordance with the provisions of that section, be punishable with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, and in the case of continuing default, with a further  fine  which  may  extend  to  one  lakh  rupees  every  day  during  which such  default  continues  after  conviction  for  the  first  default  or  with imprisonment for a term which may extend to three years, or with both.

40.   Whoever,   in   contravention   of   any   provision   of   this   Act,   develops, produces, otherwise acquires, stockpiles, retains or uses Chemical Weapons, transfers, directly or indirectly, any Chemical Weapon to any person, uses any riot control agent as a method of warfare, engages in any military preparations to use Chemical Weapons, assists, encourages or induces in any manner any person to engage in the use of any riot control agent as a method of warfare or any other activity prohibited to a State Party under the Convention, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to term of life and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.

41.   Whoever,  in  contravention  of  any  provision  of  this  Act,  produces, acquires, retains, transfers or uses any Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in Scheduled 1 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention for the purposes prohibited  to  a  State  Party  under  the  Convention  or  transfers  any  Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in Scheduled 1 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention  outside  India,  shall  be  punishable  with  imprisonment  for  a  term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to term of life and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.

42.  Whoever,  in  contravention  of  any  provision  of  this  Act  transfers  to  or receives  from any  person  who  is  not  a  citizen  of  a  State  Party  any  Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in Schedule 2 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend  to term of life and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.

43. Whoever, in contravention of any provision of this Act, exports from or imports  into  India  any  Toxic  Chemical  or  Precursor  listed  in  any  of  the Schedules  1  to  3  in  the  Annex  on  Chemicals  to  the  Convention,  shall  be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but  which  may  extend to term of life and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees

44. Whoever, in contravention of any provision of this Act, divulges any confidential  information  obtained  by  the  National  Authority  from  any declaration  or  return  furnished  or  any  statement  made,  information  supplied to, or obtained by, an enforcement officer during the course of any inspection carried  out  under  the  provisions  of  this  Act  to  any  other  person,  shall  be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to term of life and shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.

45.  Whoever  does  not  comply  with  the  obligations  related  to  inspection activity under the Convention or delays or obstructs any Inspection Team or Inspector, enforcement officer or Observer  in performance of his functions or willfully  removes  or  tampers  with  any  installed  on  site  instrument  or  any Approved Equipment shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than one year but which may extend to term of life and  shall also be liable to fine which may extend to one lakh rupees.

46. Any person who being required by or under this Act to furnish any-

(a) information;

(b) declaration; or

(c) return,

fails  to  furnish  such  information,  declaration  or  return  shall  be  punishable with fine which may extend to one lakh rupees, and in the case of continuing default, with a further fine which may extend to one lakh rupees for every day during which such default continues after conviction for the first such default, or  with  imprisonment  for  a  term  which  may  extend  to  three  years,  or  with both.

47.  Notwithstanding  anything  contained  in  the  Code  of  Criminal  Procedure,1973, the offence punishable under section 46 shall be cognizable.

48.  (1)  Where  any  offence  under  Chapter  VI  has  been  committed  by  a company,  every  person  who  at  the  time  the  offence  was  committed  was  in charge of, or was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:

Provided  that  nothing  contained  in  this  sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment if he proves that the offence was committed without  his  knowledge  or  that  he  had  exercised  all  due  diligence  to  prevent the commission of such offence.

(2)   Notwithstanding  anything  contained  in  sub-section  (1),  where  any offence under Chapter VI has been committed by a company and it is proved that the offence  has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director, manager, secretary or other  officer  of  the  company,  such  director,  manager,  secretary  or  other officer shall be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation.- For the purposes of this section, -

(a) “company” means any body corporate, and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) “director”, in relation to a firm, means a partner of the firm.

49. No court shall take cognizance of any offence punishable under this Act except with the previous sanction of the Central Government or the authority notified by the Central Government, in the Official Gazette, to be competent to sanction prosecution of the offences under this Act.

50.  (1)  Any  person  aggrieved  by  any  direction  of  the  National  Authority issued  under  section  10  may  prefer  an  appeal  to  the  Central  Government within such time as may be prescribed.

(2) No appeal shall be admitted if it is preferred after the expiry of the period prescribed therefor:

Provided that an appeal may be admitted after the expiry of the period prescribed therefor if the appellant satisfies the Central Government that he had  sufficient  cause  for  not  preferring  the  appeal  within  the  prescribed period.

(3) Every appeal made under this section shall be made in such form and shall be accompanied by a copy of the direction appealed against and by such fee as may be prescribed.

(4) The procedure for disposing of an appeal shall be such as may be prescribed:

Provided  that  before  disposing  of  an  appeal,  the  appellant  shall  be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

51.  Notwithstanding  anything  contained  in  this  Act,  the  provisions  of  the

Convention in so far as they relate to-

(a) restriction or reporting; (b) inspection; or

(c) declaration and verification,

shall   not   apply   to   any   mixtures   containing   such   concentration   of   any Chemical specified in Schedule 2 or Schedule 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to  the  Convention  as  the  Central  Government  may,  by  notification  in  the Official Gazette, specify.

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