Chapter V - Inspection, Search, Seizure and Forfeiture

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19. (1) An Inspector may inspect - (a) any person who is engaged in -

(i) the production, processing, acquisition, consumption, transfer,

import, export or use of any Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in any of the

Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to the  Convention; or

(ii)  the  production  of  any  Discrete  Organic  Chemical  including  those Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  containing  elements  of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or fluorine;

(b)  any  place  where  any  Chemical  Weapon,  Old  Chemical  Weapon  or Abandoned  Chemical  Weapon  is  located  or  Chemical  Weapon  Production Facility exists,

for the purposes specified in the Verification Annex to the Convention.

(2) An Inspection Team may undertake a Challenge Inspection of any Facility or location pursuant to Article IX and such inspection shall be undertaken in accordance  with  the  provisions  of  the  Verification  Annex  to  the  Convention.

(3) The Inspection Team may, while carrying out a Challenge Inspection, be accompanied  by  an  Observer  to  observe  the  conduct  of  the  Challenge Inspection.

(4) An enforcement officer shall accompany the Inspector or Inspection Team to observe all verification activities carried out by the Inspector or Inspection Team and to provide the Inspector or Inspection Team, during the inspection, with such clarifications in connection with an ambiguity that may arise during an    inspection    as    may    be    necessary    to    remove    such    ambiguity.

(5) Every Inspector or Inspection Team shall have      -

a

(a)  the  right  to  interview  any  Facility  personnel  in  the  presence  of enforcement officer for the purpose of establishing relevant facts;

(b)  the  right  to  request  clarifications  in  connection  with  ambiguities  that may arise during inspection;

(c)  the  right  to  demand  production  of  such  documentation  and  records which are relevant and necessary for the purpose of

inspection;

(d) the right to take photographs of an object or a building located within the  Inspection  Site  if  question  relating  to  that  object  or  building     is  not resolved;

and

(e) the right to draw samples, perform on site analysis of such samples ;

(f) such other rights as are provided under the Convention.

(6)  An Inspector or Inspection Team shall , during the conduct of verification activities   or   Challenge   Inspection,   enjoy   the   privileges   and   immunities referred to in Part II of the Verification Annex to the Convention.

(7) No sample drawn under clause (e)of sub-section (5) by an Inspector or Inspection Team shall be sent for analysis in any laboratory situated outside the territory of India.

20.(1)  Any  enforcement  Officer  shall  have  the             right  to                enter     with  such assistance as he consider necessary, any building or place for the purpose of –

(a)   verifying   the   correctness   of   any   information,   declaration   or   return furnished under sub- section (1)of section 12;

(b)  performing  any  of  the  functions  of  the  National  Authority  entrusted  to him;

(c) determining whether any provisions of this Act or the rules made there- under or any direction given under this Act is being complied with any person engaged  in  the     production,  processing,  acquisition,  consumption,  transfer, import, export or use of any Toxic Chemical  or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention or engaged in the production of any Discrete Organic Chemical including Discrete Organic Chemical containing elements of phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine;

(d)     examining  or  testing  any  facility,  record,  document  or  any  other material object, as the case may be, or conducting a search of any place or person;

(e) Conducting a search where a warrant under sub-section (1) of section

22 is addressed to such enforcement officer or he is so authorized under sub-

section (2) of that section.

(2) Any enforcement officer shall have a right  to accompany the Inspector or

Inspection Team as a representative of India during inspection in India.

21. If any person wilfully –

(a)  refuses without reasonable excuse to comply with the       request made by the Inspector or Inspection   Team for the purpose of   facilitating the conduct of   that      inspection   in   accordance   with   the   Verification   Annex   to   the Convention;

(b) delays or obstructs any member of the Inspection Team , Inspector, enforcement officer or the Observer in the conduct of inspection;

(c) removes or tampers with any on-site instrument or Approved Equipment installed  by  the  enforcement  officer  ,  Inspector  or  Inspection  Team with the intention   of   adversely   affecting   the   operation   of   such   instrument   or Equipment,

he shall be guilty of an offence punishable under this Act.

22. (1) A Metropolitan Magistrate or a Judicial Magistrate of the first class or any  Magistrate  of  the  second  class  specially  empowered     by  the  State Government in this behalf, may issue a warrant for the arrest of any person whom  he  has  reason  to  believe  to  have    committed  any  offence  punishable under    Chapter  VI  or  for  the  search,  whether  by  day  or  by  night,  of  any industry, building, conveyance or place in which he has reason to believe that any  goods  in  relation  to  which  an  offence  punishable  under  Chapter  VI  has been committed or any document or other goods which may furnish evidence of the commission of such offence is kept or concealed.

(2)   Any   enforcement   officer   or   such   other   officer   of   the   National Authority as is empowered in this behalf by general or special order by the Central   Government   or   any   such  officer  of  a  State  Government  as  is empowered in this behalf by general or special order of the State Government, if he has reason to believe from personal knowledge or information given by

any  person  and  taken  down  in  writing  that  any  person  has  comm any  person  and  taken  down  in  writing  that  any  person  has  committed  an offence  punishable  under  Chapter  VI  or  any  goods  in  relation  to  which  an offence punishable under Chapter VI has been committed or any document or other  goods  which  may  furnish  evidence  of  the  commission  of  such  offence has  been  kept  or  concealed  in  any  industry,  building,  conveyance  or  place, may authorise any officer subordinate to him to arrest such person or search an industry or a building , conveyance or place, whether by day or by night, or himself arrest a person or search an industry or a  building, conveyance or place.

(3) The officer to whom   a warrant under sub-section (1) is addressed and the officer who authorised the arrest or search or such subordinate officer who is so authorised under sub-section (2) shall have all the powers of an officer acting under section 23.

23.   (1)   Any   such   subordinate   officer   to   the   enforcement   officer   as   is authorised   in   this   behalf   by   general   or   special   order   by   the   Central Government or any such subordinate officer to the enforcement officer as is authorised in this behalf by general or special order of the State Government,

if he has reason to believe from personal knowledge or information given by

any person and taken down in writing, that any goods in relation to which an

offence  punishable  under  Chapter  VI  has  been  committed  or  any  document or goods which may furnish evidence    of the commission of such offence is kept  or  concealed  in  any  industry,  building,  conveyance  or  place,  may, between sunrise and sunset,-

(a) enter into and search any such industry, building, conveyance or place;

(b)   in case of resistance ,break open any door and remove any obstacle to such entry;

(c)    seize such Chemical Weapons, Chemical Weapons Production Facilities, riot control agents, Old Chemical Weapons,   Abandoned Chemical Weapons, Toxic  Chemicals  or  Precursors  or  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  including those   Discrete   Organic   Chemicals   containing   elements   of   phosphorous, sulphur  or  fluorine  ,all  goods  and  any  conveyance  which  he  has  reason  to believe to be liable to confiscation under this Act and any document or other goods   which      he   has   reason   to   believe   may   furnish   evidence   of   the commission  of  any  offence  punishable  under  Chapter  VI  relating  to    such Chemical   Weapons,  Chemical  Weapons  Production  Facilities,  riot  control agents, Old Chemical Weapons,    Abandoned Chemical Weapons ,Toxic Chemicals   or   Precursors   or   Discrete   Organic   Chemicals   including   those Discrete Organic Chemicals containing elements of phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine ; and

(d) detain and search, if he thinks proper, arrest    any person whom he has reason  to  believe  to  have  committed    any  offence  punishable  under  Chapter VI  relating  to     such  Chemical  Weapons,  Chemical  Weapons  Production Facilities, riot control agents, Old Chemical Weapons,   Abandoned Chemical Weapons  ,Toxic  Chemicals  or  Precursors  or  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals including  those  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  containing  elements  of phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine:

Provided that fi such subordinate officer has reason to believe that search

warrant  or  authorisation  cannot  be  obtained  without  affording  opportunity  for the concealment of evidence or facility for the escape of an offender, he may enter  and  search  such  industry,  building,  conveyance  or  place,  at  any  time between sunrise and sunset after recording the grounds of his belief.

(2)  Where  an  officer  takes  down  any  information  in  writing  under  sub- section (1) or records grounds for his belief under the proviso thereto, he shall forthwith send a copy thereof to his immediate superior officer.

24.  Any  subordinate  officer  to  the  enforcement    officer  as  is  authorised  in section 23 may -

(a) seize, in any pubic place or in transit, any goods, in relation to which he has reason to believe an offence punishable under Chapter VI has been committed  ,  and,  along  with  such  goods,  any  conveyance  liable  to confiscation under this Act, and any  document or goods which   he has reason to believe may furnish evidence of the   commission of an offence punishable under Chapter VI relating to such goods;

(b) detain and search any person whom he has reason to believe to have committed an offence  punishable under Chapter VI , and, if such person   has any  Toxic  Chemical  or  Precursor  or  any  Discrete  Organic  Chemical containing  elements  of  phosphorous  ,  sulphur  or    fluorine  in  his  possession and such possession appears to him to be unlawful, arrest him and any other person in his company.

Explanation.– For the purpose of this section, the expression “ public place” includes  any  public  conveyance,  shop,  hotel  or  other  place  intended  for  use by, or accessible to, the public.

25.(1) Where it is not practicable to seize any goods which are liable to confiscation  under  this  Act,  any  officer  authorised  under  Section  23  may serve on the owner or person in possession of the goods, an order that   he shall not remove, part with or otherwise deal with the goods except with the

previous permission of such officer.

(2)  For  effecting  seizure  and  confiscation,  the  owner,  the  plant  operator, and  other  officials  of  the  facility  shall  provide  all  assistance  with  regard  to safety in handling of goods.

26.       Any  subordinate  officer  authorised  under  section  23  may,  if  he  has reason  to  suspect  that  any  conveyance  is  ,  or  is  likely  to  be, used for the transport of any goods in respect of which he suspects that any provision of this Act has been, or is being, or is likely to be , contravened at any time, stop such conveyance, or in the case of an aircraft compel it to land and –

(a) rummage and search the conveyance or part thereof; (b) examine and search any goods in the conveyance;

(c) if it becomes necessary to stop the conveyance , he may use all lawful means for stopping it.

27. (1) When any subordinate officer authorised under section 23 or any subordinate officer exercising power in pursuance of sub-section (3)of section

22 is about to search any person under the provisions of section 22 or section

23 or section 24, he shall, if such person so requires, take such person without unnecessary   delay       to   the   nearest   enforcement   officer   or   the   officer authorising such search or the nearest Magistrate.

(2) If such requisition is made, the officer may detain the person until he can bring him before the officer or the Magistrate referred to in sub-section (1).

(3) The officer or the Magistrate before whom any such person is brought shall,  if  he  sees  no  reasonable  ground  for  search,  forthwith  discharge  the person but otherwise shall direct that search be made.

(4) No female shall be searched by anyone excepting a female.

28.   The provisions of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 shall apply, in so  far  as  they  are  not  inconsistent  with  the  provisions  of  this  Act,  to  all warrants issued and arrests, searches and seizures made under this Act.

29.  (1)  Any  Officer  arresting  a  person  under  Section  22  or  section  23  or section 24 shall, as soon as may be, inform him of the grounds for such arrest.

(2)  Every  person  arrested  and  goods  seized  under  warrant  issued  under sub-section (1) of section 22 shall be forwarded without unnecessary delay to Magistrate by whom the warrant was issued.

(3) Every person arrested and goods seized under sub-section (2)of section

22 or section 23 or section 24 shall be forwarded without unnecessary delay to -

(a) the officer in charge of the nearest police station ; or

(b) the officer empowered under section 30.

(4)  The  authority  or  officer  to  whom  any  person  or  goods  is  forwarded under  sub-section  (2)  or  sub-section  (3)  shall,  with  all  convenient  dispatch, take such   measures as may be necessary for the disposal according to law of such persons or goods.

30.(1)   The   Central   Government   may,   after   consultation   with   the   State Government,  by  notification  published  in  the  Official  Gazette,  invest  any officer of the National Authority with the powers of an officer in charge of a police station for the investigation of the offences under this Act.

(2)    The  State  Government  may,  by  notification  published  in  the  Official Gazette, invest any of officer of   gazetted rank or any class of such officers with the powers of an officer in charge of a police station for the investigation of the offences under this Act.

31.   An officer in charge of a police station shall take charge of and keep in safe custody, pending the orders of the Magistrate, all goods seized under this Act within the local area of that police station and which may be delivered to him,  and  shall  allow  any  officer  who  may  accompany  such  goods    to  the police station or who may be deputed for the purpose, to affix his seal to such goods or to take samples of and from them and all samples so taken shall also be sealed with a seal of the officer in charge of the police station.

32. Whenever any person makes any arrest or seizure under this Act, he shall, within forty –  eight hours next after such arrest or seizure, make a full report of  all  the  particulars  of  such  arrest  or  seizure  to  his  immediate  superior officer.

33.   (1)   Whenever   any   offence   punishable   under   Chapter   VI   has   been committed,  the  goods  or  in  respect  of  which  or  by  means  of  which  such offence has been committed, shall be liable to confiscation.

(2)  Any  Toxic  Chemical  or  Precursor  lawfully  produced,  imported  into India, transported, used, purchased or sold along with, or in addition to, any goods   which   is   liable   to   confiscation   under   sub-section   (1)   and   the receptacles, packages and coverings in which any goods liable to confiscation under  sub-section  (1)  is  found,  and  the  other  contents,  if  any,  of  such receptacles or packages shall likewise be liable to confiscation.

(3)  Any  conveyance  used  in  carrying  any  goods  liable  to  confiscation under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2) shall be liable to confiscation, unless the owner of the conveyance   proves that it was used without the knowledge or  connivance  of  the  owner  himself,  his  agent,  if  any,  and  the  person  in charge of the conveyance and that each of them had taken all reasonable precautions against such use.

34.  Any goods used for concealing any goods which is liable to confiscation under this Act shall also be liable to confiscation.

Explanation.-     In this section, “Goods” includes conveyance as a means of transport.

35.     Where any goods is sold by a person having knowledge or reason to believe  that  the  goods  is  liable  to  confiscation  under  this  Act,  the  sale proceeds thereof shall also be liable to confiscation.

36. (1) In the trail of offences under this Act, whether the accused is convicted or acquitted or discharged, the court shall decide whether any goods seized under this Act is liable to confiscation and, if it decides that the goods is so liable, it may order confiscation accordingly.

(2)  Where  any  goods  seized  under  this  Act  appears  to  be  liable  to confiscation under section 33 or section 34 or section 35, but the person who committed  the  offence  therewith is not known or cannot be found, the court may   inquiry   into   and   decide   such   liability,   and   may   order   confiscation accordingly:

Provided that no order of confiscation of any goods shall be made until the expiry of one month from the date of seizure, or without hearing any person who may claim any right thereto and the evidence, if any, which he produces in respect of his claim.

(3) Any person not convicted who claims any right to property which has been confiscated under this section may appeal to the Court of Session against the order of confiscation.

37. Any subordinate officer authorized under section 23 may, during the course of any inquiry in connection with the contravention of any provision of this Act,-

(a) call for information from any person for the purpose of satisfying himself whether there has been any contravention of the provisions of this Act or any rule or order made or direction issued thereunder;

(b) require  any person  to produce or deliver any document or thing useful or relevant to the enquiry;

(c) examine any person acquainted with the facts and circumstances of the case.

38. No enforcement officer, subordinate officer to enforcement officer or officer of the National Authority or the State Government or officer subordinate to such officer as is mentioned in sub-section (2) of section 22 acting in exercise of powers vested in him under any provision of this Act or any such order made thereunder shall be compelled to say when he got any information as to the commission of any offence.

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