Chapter II - Establishment of The National Authority and Its Powers and Functions

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6.  (1)    For    the    purposes    of    this    Act,    the  Central  Government  shall establish, by notification in the Official Gazette, an Authority to be known as the National Authority for       implementing  the  provisions  of the Convention which shall consist of a Chairperson and   such number of Directors as may be appointed by the Central Government.

(2)  The  Central  Government  may  appoint  officers  and  such  other  employees to the National Authority as it thinks fit for the purposes of this Act.

(3) The salary and allowances payable to, and other terms and conditions of service  of,  the  Chairperson  and  the  Directors  shall  be  such  as  may  be prescribed.

(4) The salary and allowances payable to, and other terms and conditions of service  of,  officers  and  other  employees  of  the  National  Authority  shall  be such as may be prescribed.

such as may be prescribed.

(5) In the exercise of its powers and performance of its functions under this Act, the National Authority shall be subject to the control of the Central Government.

7. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act,-

(a) it shall be the general duty of the National Authority to fulfil,  on behalf of the Government of India, the obligations under the Convention;

(b) it shall be incumbent on the National Authority to act as the national focal point  for  effective  liaison  with  the  Organisation  and  other  States  Parties  on matters relating to the Convention;

(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), the functions of the National

Authority shall be to –

(a) interact with the Organisation and other States Parties for the purpose of   fulfilling   the   obligations   of   the   Government   of   India   under   the Convention;

(b) monitor compliance with the provisions of the Convention;

(c) regulate and monitor the development, production, processing, consumption, transfer or use of Toxic Chemicals or Precursors as specified in the Convention;

(d)  make  request  to,  or  to  receive  request  from,  a  State  Party  for assistance and protection under Article X, against the use or threat of use of Chemical Weapons;

(e)  manage  routine  inspection  or  Challenge  Inspection  managing investigation, in case a complaint of use of Chemical Weapons or riot control agents as a method of warfare is received from the Organisation;

(f) conduct inspections for the purposes of this act;

(g) interact with the Organisation in respect of acceptance of request of India  for  Challenge  Inspection  or  to  counter  any  frivolous  or  defamatory request made by any State Party against India to the Organisation;

(h)  scrutinise  and  accept  list  of  Inspectors  and  to  verify  the  Approved

Equipment brought by an Inspection Team on to the Inspection Site;

(i)  provide  escort  to  the  Inspection  Team  and  the  Observer  within  the territory of India;

(j)   identify   and   oversee   the   closure   and   destruction   of   Chemical Weapons,  Chemical  Weapons  Production  Facilities,  Old  Chemical  Weapons or Abandoned Chemical Weapons;

(k) negotiate Managed Access during the Challenge Inspection;

(l)  ensure  decontamination  of  Approved  Equipment  after  completion  of an Inspection;

(m)  advise  Central  Government  for  laying  down  safeguards  for transportation,  sampling  or  storage  of  Chemical  Weapons  and  fixation  of standards for emission or discharge of environmental pollutants arising out of the destruction of Chemical Weapons, Old Chemical Weapons, Abandoned Chemical Weapons or Chemical Weapons Production Facility;

(n) ensure data base confidentiality and maintain secrecy of confidential information  and  technology  collected  or  received  by  the  National  Authority under this Act;

(o)  facilitate  exchange  of  scientific  and  technological  information  relating to developments in chemicals amongst the States Parties;

(p)     call  for  such  information  from  any  person  which  the  National Authority  has  reasonable  cause  to  believe  that  such  information  may  be required for complying with the provisions of the Convention;

(q) approve and declare, on behalf of the Government of India, a single small-scale facility for production of Toxic Chemicals listed in Schedule 1 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention for purposes not prohibited under the Convention;

(r) provide training to enforcement officers;

(s)  ensure  protection  of  environment,  health  and  safety  of  the  people during  transportation,  sampling,  storage  or  destruction of Chemical Weapons, Chemical            Weapons             Production          Facilities,              Old         Chemical                Weapons             or            ` Abandoned Chemical Weapons;

(t)           co-ordinate        exchange            of            scientific              and        technological     information among laboratories handling Toxic Chemicals or Precursors;

(u)  determine,  from  time  to  time,  the  quantity  limit  that  a  person  at  any time  may  produce,  otherwise  acquire,  retain,  transfer  or  use  any  Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals   to   the   Convention,

Chemicals   to   the   Convention,   any   Discrete   Organic   Chemical   including Discrete  Organic  Chemical  containing  elements  of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or fluorine for purposes not prohibited under the Convention;

(v) such other functions as may be prescribed.

8. The  National  Authority  shall  prepare  such  initial,  annual  and  other periodical   declarations regarding Toxic Chemicals or Precursors listed in any of  the  Schedules  1  to  3  in  the  Annex  on  Chemicals  to  the  Convention, Discrete   Organic   Chemicals   including   those   Discrete   Organic   Chemicals containing  elements  of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or  fluorine  Chemical  Weapons, Old Chemical Weapons, Abandoned Chemical Weapons, riot control agents, Chemical Weapons Production Facilities, past transfers of Chemical Weapons or their production equipments or any other declaration required to be made under  the  Convention  and  shall  submit  such  declarations  to  the  Organization at such time as are specified under the Convention.

9. (1)   The  Central  Government  may,  by  notification  in  the  Official Gazette, appoint such of the officers of the National Authority as it thinks fit to be enforcement officers for the purposes of this Act.

(2)  The State Government may, as and when so directed by the Central Government and by notification in the  Official  Gazette, appoint such of its officers of gazetted rank as it thinks fit to be enforcement officer for the purposes of this Act and assign to them such local limits as it may think fit.

(3)   Every officer appointed as enforcement officer under sub-section (1)   or   under   sub-section   (2)   shall   be   furnished   by   the   Central Government or by the State Government, as the case may be, with a certificate of appointment as an enforcement officer and the certificate shall, on demand, be produced by such enforcement officer.

10. Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law but subject to the provisions  of  this  Act,  the  National  Authority  may,  in  the  exercise  of  its powers  and  performance  of  its  functions  under  this  Act,  issue  directions  in writing  to  any  person,  officer  or  authority  and  such  person,  officer  or authority shall be bound to comply with such directions.

Explanation.–  For  the  avoidance  of  doubts,  it  is  hereby  declared  that  the power to issue direction under this Section includes the power to direct –

(a)  the  closure,  prohibition  or  regulation  of  any  company,  firm  or  industry engaged  in  the  development,  production,  processing,  consumption  or  use  of

any Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex  on  Chemicals  to  the  Convention  or,  the  production  of  any  Discrete Organic  Chemical  including  Discrete  Organic  Chemical  containing  elements of              phosphorous,              sulphur              or              fluorine;              or

(b) the stoppage or regulation of the supply of electricity or water or any other service to such company, firm or industry.

11.The Central Government may, if it considers it necessary or expedient so to do for the purposes of this Act, by order, published in the Official Gazette, constitute a Committee by such name as may be specified in the order  for  the  purpose  of  overseeing  the  functions  of  the  National Authority   and   exercising   and   performing   such   of   the   powers   and functions of the Central Government under this Act (except the power to make rules under section 56) as may be specified in the order and subject to  the  supervision  and  control  of  the  Central  Government  and  the provisions of such order, such Committee may exercise the powers or perform the functions so specified in the order as if such Committee had been empowered by this Act to exercise those powers or  perform those functions.

12.  (1)  Notwithstanding  anything  contained  in  any  other  law  for  the  time being  in  force,  the  National  Authority  may,  by  general  or  special  order,  call upon  a  person,  to  furnish  to  that  Authority  periodically  or  as  and  when required  any  information,  declaration  or  return  concerning  Toxic  Chemicals or Precursors listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention, Chemical Weapons, Old Chemical Weapons, Abandoned Chemical   Weapons,   Chemical   Weapons   Production  Facilities,  riot  control agents,   single   small-scale  facility  or  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  including those   Discrete   Organic   Chemicals   containing   elements   of   phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine with such particulars as may be specified by the National Authority.

(2)  No  person  shall,  when  complying  with  any  requisition  made  under  sub- section   (1),   give   any   information   or   furnish   any   declaration,   return   or statement which he knows, or has reasonable cause to believe to be false or not true in any material particular.

14. Any person having knowledge about the possession or location of Old Chemical   Weapons   or   Abandoned   Chemical   Weapons   shall   inform   the National   Authority of such possession and the precise location of such Old Chemical  .Weapons  or  Abandoned  Chemical  Weapons  within  seven  days from the commencement of this Act:

Provided that where the knowledge about the possession or location of Old Chemical Weapons or Abandoned Chemical Weapons is obtained after the commencement   of   this   Act,   an   information   about   knowledge   of   such possession  or  location  shall  be  given  to  the  National  Authority  within  seven days from the occurrence of such knowledge.

15. No person shall –

(a)  produce,  acquire,  retain  or  use  Toxic  Chemicals  or  Precursors  listed  in Schedule  1  in  the  Annex  on  Chemicals  to  the  Convention,  outside  the territories   of   States   Parties,   and   shall   not   transfer   such   Chemicals   or Precursors  outside  the  territory  of  India  except  to  another  State  Party;

(b)  produce,  acquire,  retain,  transfer  or  use  Toxic  Chemicals  or  Precursors listed in Schedule 1 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention without permission from the National Authority and unless –

(i) the Toxic Chemicals or Precursors listed in Schedule 1 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention are for the purposes to be applied to research, medical, pharmaceutical or protective purposes; and

(ii) the types of Toxic Chemicals or Precursors are strictly limited to those that can be justified with reference to the purposes specified in sub-clause (i) and the quantities of such Toxic Chemicals or Precursors for such purposes at any time do not exceed the limits fixed by the National Authority;

(c)  transfer  the  Toxic  Chemicals  or  Precursors  listed  in  Schedule  1  in  the Annex  on  Chemicals  to  the  Convention  to  another State Party outside India except-

(i) for the purposes specified in sub-clause (i) of clause (b); and

(ii) in accordance with the procedure set out in Part VI of the Verification

Annex to the Convention:

Provided that no Toxic Chemicals or Precursors referred to in clause (c)

shall be re-transferred to any third State.

16.      No person shall, three years after the 29th  day of April, 1997, transfer to or receive from any person, who is not a citizen of a State Party, any Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in Schedule 2 in the Annex on Chemicals to the Convention.

17.    No person shall export from, or import into, India a Toxic Chemical or Precursor listed in any of the Schedules 1 to 3 in the Annex on Chemicals to the  Convention  except  in  accordance  with  the  provisions  of  the  Export  and Import Policy determined by the Central Government from time to time under the  Foreign  Trade  (Development  and  Regulation)  Act,  1992  and  the  Orders issued thereunder.

 

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