Chapter 1 - Preliminary

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1. (1) This act may be called the Chemical Weapons Convention Act, 2000. (2) It extends to the whole of India, and it shall apply to -

Chapter Title
 I Priliminary
 II Establishment of the national authority and its powers and Functions
IV Registration of persons as producers, users, etc
V Inspection, search, seizure and forfeiture
VI Offences and penalties
VII Miscellaneous

(a) citizens of India outside India; and

(b) associates, branches or subsidiaries, outside India of companies or bodies corporate, registered or incorporated in India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date as the Central Government may, by notification   in   the   Official   Gazette,   appoint;  and  different  dates  may  be appointed for different provisions of this Act.

Short  title, extent, application and


2. In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires, - (a)“Article” means an Article of the Convention; (b)“Chemical Weapons” means,-

(i)  the  Toxic  Chemicals  and  their  precursors,  except  where  intended  for purposes  not  prohibited  under  the  Convention,  as  long  as  the  types  and quantities are consistent with such purposes;

(ii)  the  munitions  and  devices,  specifically  designed  to  cause  death  or  other harm through the toxic properties of those Toxic Chemicals specified in sub- clause  (i),  which  would  be  released  as  a  result  of  the  employment  of  such munitions and devices;

(iii)  any  equipment  specifically  designed  for  use  directly  in  connection  with the   employment   of   munitions   and   devices   specified   in   sub-clause   (ii), together or separately;

(c)  “Convention”  means  the  Convention  on  the  Prohibition  of  the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and  on their Destruction signed on behalf of the Government of India at Paris on the

14th day of January, 1993;

(d) “enforcement officer” means a person appointed as such by the Central Government  under  sub-section  (1) of section 9 or by the State Government under sub-section (2) of that section;

(e) “goods”, in relation to Toxic Chemicals, Precursors or Discrete Organic Chemicals  including  those  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  containing  elements of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or  fluorine,  means  any  material,  commodity,  article or  compound  consisting  of  such  Toxic  Chemicals,  Precursors  or  Discrete Organic  Chemicals  including  those  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  containing elements  of  phosphorous,  sulphur  or  fluorine  and  includes  materials, commodities,   articles,   compounds   or   apparatus   used   in   the   production, processing or storing of Toxic Chemicals, Precursors or Discrete Organic Chemicals  including  those  Discrete  Organic  Chemicals  containing  elements of phosphorous, sulphur or fluorine;

(f) “industry” includes a Facility;

(g) “Inspector” means an individual designated by the Technical Secretariat, according  to  the  procedures  as  set  forth  in  Part  II,  Section  A,  of  the Verification Annex to the Convention, to carry out an inspection or visit in accordance with the convention;


(h)  “National  Authority”  means  the  National  Authority  for  the  Chemical

Weapons Convention established under sub-section (1) of section 6;

(i)  “Organisation”  means  the  Organisation  for  the  prohibition  of  Chemical

Weapons established pursuant to Article VIII;

(j) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (k) “purposes not prohibited under the Convention” means –

(i)  industrial,  agricultural,  research,  medical,  pharmaceutical  or  other  peaceful


(ii)  protective  purposes  namely  those  purposes  directly  related  to  protection against Toxic Chemicals and to protection against Chemical Weapons;

(iii) military purposes not connected with the use of Chemical Weapons and not dependant on the use of the Toxic Properties of Chemicals as a method of warfare; and

(iv) law enforcement including domestic riot control purposes;

(l) “State Party” means a signatory or acceding State to the Convention whose instrument of ratification or accession has been deposited with the Depository of the Convention;

(m) words and expressions used in this Act and not defined but defined in the Convention,  or the  Code of  Criminal  Procedure,    1973,    shall have the meanings respectively assigned to them in that Convention or Code.

3.(1)   Notwithstanding anything  to the  contrary  contained in any other law, the provisions of the Convention set out in the Schedule to this Act shall have the force of law  in India.

(2)  The  Central  Government  may,  from  time  to  time  and  by  notification  in the    Official    Gazette,    amend    the    Schedule    in    conformity    with    any amendments,   duly   made   and   adopted,   of   the   provisions   of   the   said Convention set out therein.

4.   Where the Central Government considers any inspection of a Chemical Weapons    Production    Facility    in  India  under  this  act  to  be  against  the interest  of  national  security  or  economic  interests  of  India,  it  may  deny  the request for such inspection.

2 of 1974.

Application of the Convention.

Power of Central Government to deny the request for inspection.

5.    The      Central    Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare that this Act shall cease to be in force in case the Government of India withdraws from the     Convention in accordance with the provisions of Article XVI, and on such declaration this Act   shall   cease   to be in force, but its expiry under the operation of this Section shall not affect –

(a)  the  previous  operation  of,  or  anything  is duly done  or  suffered  under,  this

Act or rule made thereunder or any order made under any such rule, or

(b)  any  right  privilege,  obligation  or  liability  acquired,  accrued  or  incurred under this Act or any rule made thereunder or any order made under any such rule, or

(c)  any  penalty,  forfeiture  or  punishment  incurred  in  respect  of  any  offence under this act, or

(d) any investigation, legal proceeding or remedy in respect of any such right privilege, obligation, liability penalty, forfeiture or punishment as aforesaid,

and any such investigation,  legal proceeding  or remedy  may be instituted, continued or enforced and any such penalty, forfeiture or punishment may be imposed as if this Act had not expired.